1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees Article 31

3. Any State which has made a declaration or notification under article 40 may, at any time thereafter, declare by notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations that the Convention shall cease to extend to that territory one year after receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General. In the case of refugees who regularly serve as crew members on board a ship flying the flag of a State Party, that State Party shall take favourable account of their establishment in its territory and the issuance of travel documents for them or temporary admission to its territory, in particular to facilitate their settlement in another country. The Refugee Convention was drafted after the Second World War, during which several million people were displaced throughout Europe. It applied only to persons who had been expelled as a result of events prior to 1 January 1951. Upon ratification (accession) of the Convention, countries could decide to further restrict its application so that it applies only to refugees displaced by events in Europe before 1 January 1951. 1. Except where this Convention contains more favourable provisions, a State Party shall accord to refugees the same treatment as aliens in general. This article on the United Nations is a heel. You can help Wikipedia by extending it.

In his annual report to the General Assembly at its twentieth session, in 1965, the High Commissioner for Refugees referred to a symposium on the legal aspects of refugee problems organized by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, which had considered the limitation of the personal scope of the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. including possible measures to extend the Convention to new refugee situations (A/6011/Rev.1, paragraphs 33 and 34). In 1966, the High Commissioner again raised the question of a possible extension of the scope of the Convention (article A/6311/Rev.1, paragraph 40) and, after consultation with the States parties to the Convention and the members of the Executive Committee of the High Commissioner`s Programme, introduced the text of a draft Protocol on the Status of Refugees. Abolition of the time limit in the Convention and thus extension of its scope to the Executive Committee at its sixteenth session (A/AC.96/346). The 1967 Protocol removed temporal and geographical restrictions. This was necessary in the historical context of refugee flows resulting from decolonization. Madagascar and St. Petersburg Kitts and Nevis are only parties to the Convention, while Cape Verde, the United States of America and Venezuela are only parties to the Protocol. 2. For the purposes of this Protocol, the term “refugee”, with the exception of the application of paragraph 3, means any person within the meaning of Article 1 of the Convention, as if the words “as a result of events occurring before 1 January 1951 and…” ” and the words “. following such events` in Article 1(A)(2). Although the risk of persecution is at the heart of the definition of refugees, “persecution” itself is not defined in the 1951 Convention.

Articles 31 and 33 refer to those whose life or liberty was or “would be” threatened, so that they clearly include the threat of death or the threat of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. A comprehensive analysis now requires that the general concept refer to developments in the broad field of human rights (see 1984 Convention against Torture, article 7; International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966, article 3; 1950 European Convention on Human Rights, Article 6; 1969 American Convention on Human Rights, article 5; African Charter on Human and Peoples` Rights of 1981). Article II on cooperation between national authorities and the United Nations corresponds to article 35 of the Convention, while the remaining few articles (only eleven in total) do not add any substantive obligations to the Convention. Evaluation 2. States Parties shall make every effort to ensure, in accordance with their laws and constitutions, the settlement of such refugees in areas other than urban areas for whose international relations they are responsible. This Convention is without prejudice to the rights and benefits granted by a State Party to refugees other than this Convention. Since the United Nations has repeatedly expressed its deep concern for refugees and has endeavoured to ensure that refugees exercise these fundamental rights and freedoms to the extent possible, the 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees is an international treaty. It can be read alongside the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (known as the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees). (c) Laws, regulations and regulations that are in force or may apply in the future with respect to refugees.

Expressing the hope that all States, recognizing the social and humanitarian character of the refugee problem, will do everything in their power to prevent the problem from becoming a cause of tension among States, 1. States Parties shall issue travel documents to refugees lawfully residing in their territories for the purpose of travelling outside their territory, unless compelling reasons of national security or public order provide otherwise, and the provisions of the list relating to this Convention shall apply to such documents. States Parties may issue such a travel document to any other refugee in their territory; in particular, they shall grant a favourable examination to the issue of such a travel document to refugees on their territory who are unable to obtain a travel document from the country of their legal residence. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall inform the States referred to in article V of the date of entry into force, accessions, reservations and withdrawals of reservations to the present Protocol and their denunciations, as well as of their declarations and notifications. .